Sources of Hardness
The hardness of water is established by its composition of multivalent cations, most commonly Mg2+ (positively charged magnesium) and Ca2+ (positively charged calcium). Temporary hardness is created when bicarbonate minerals are dissolved into the water and can easily be removed through boiling. Permanent hardness is commonly caused by existence of calcium sulfate or magnesium sulfates in water, which cannot be removed through boiling.
While hard water has proven harmless to human health, it can pose an array of other issues. First, hard water can prevent the production of suds when using soap, which results in soap scum, dingy clothing and spotty dishes. In addition, the mineral deposits can create even more detrimental issues in larger buildings, clogging pipes, restricting water flow and blocking hot water. In addition, hard water can cause harmful breakdowns of water equipment, including cooling towers and boilers.
At home and in larger buildings, hard water can leave unsightly spotty stains on windows, floors and sinks. These stains can be very difficult to remove, but a professional cleaning service can easily and effectively restore these surfaces.
To prevent blockage, water can be softened through ion transfer. There are presently 3 different methods of ion transfer including automatic softener, demand initiated regeneration and portable exchange. All can help prevent the corrosion of pipes and other equipment.
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